Unveiling the Mystery: The Comprehensive Guide to the EN 12568 Steel Toe Cap Standard

Table of Contents

Note: The new version of the safety footwear testing standard EN IS0 22568-1:2019 issued by the European Union in 2022 has come into force in March 2022.
For the sake of this article, we still refer to EN 12568: 2010 standard in this article.


When it comes to maintaining safety in industrial workplaces, protective footwear plays a critical role. One vital component that often goes unnoticed yet shields workers from on-the-job hazards, is the steel toe cap. Particularly, the EN 12568 steel toe cap, a regulated standard in the protective footwear industry, is designed to provide utmost security to your feet.

EN 12568 steel toe cap

The “EN12568” is not just an alphanumeric jargon; it’s an assurance of safety and resilience. It’s a prerequisite for all protective footwear meant for industrial workers that are often exposed to possible foot injuries resulting from heavy machinery or falling objects. This introduction shall lead you through the intricacies of the EN 12568 steel toe cap, its standard specifications, and regulatory impact to offer a comprehensive understanding of its importance in maintaining workplace safety.

Overview of EN 12568 Standard

The EN 12568 is a European standard defining the essential requirements for safety, protective, and occupational footwear. This standard isn’t merely a guideline—it’s a assurance for safety and durability in the most demanding environments. It’s a backbone that dictates the quality and safety parameters for steel toe caps in the footwear industry.

Testing Procedures of EN 12568 steel toe cap

Purpose of the Standard

The primary intent behind the EN 12568 standard is to safeguard workers’ feet in hazardous working conditions. It defines the level of protection that toe caps need to provide, to withstand heavy impacts and high pressures. By adhering to these standards, manufacturers can deliver shoes that protect against crushing injuries and severe impacts – thereby facilitating a safer working environment.

Scope and Application

The EN 12568 applies to all types of safety toe caps used in protective footwear, including but not limited to steel, aluminium, and composite materials. With its wide application across industries—construction, mining, manufacturing, and more, the standard ensures that workers across various fields have access to the highest level of foot protection. Consequently, any safety footwear manufactured according to these guidelines has to pass rigorous testing, which affirms its compliance and reliability in dangerous scenarios.

Specifications for EN 12568 Steel Toe Caps

The credibility of steel toe caps lies in the precise specifications dictated by the EN 12568 standard. These meticulous details guide manufacturers in the production of optimal safety footwear, ensuring that each pair provides adequate protection to the wearer’s feet.

Material Requirements

The primary material for safety toe caps as per EN 12568 is steel, recognized for its unbeatable strength and durability. The steel used should be of high quality, resistant to rust and corrosion, and should exhibit excellent structural integrity. Furthermore, it should have low reactivity, ensuring the safety of the wearer in chemical laden environments.

To meet the EN12568 standard, we use the raw material of steel toe caps, i.e. steel sheet, the thickness of which is at least 2mm.
However, many low-priced products in the market use 1.0-1.4mm steel sheets, and this kind of toe cannot meet the safety footwear standard.
If the sheet thickness is less than 1.4mm, it is even more impossible to meet the standard of protective footwear.
Wearing safety shoes made of steel plate less than 1.4mm does not provide any safety protection for workers.

-By Safusen Safety Production Team

Size and Shape

The size and shape of the toe cap are two key factors in ensuring comfort and protection. The steel toe caps should cover the entire length and width of the toe area with sufficient depth to comfortably accommodate the toes. The shape should conform to the natural shape of the foot, without causing any discomfort or pressure points. It should be designed in such a way that, despite the reinforced protection, the wearer’s mobility isn’t compromised.

For shape, our technician will scan the shoe sample to make exact toe caps, and shoes factory will produce shoe last based on these approved toe caps, to ensure the shape is comfort for wears.

For Size, we produce US size breakdown such as size 6/7/8/9/10/11/12, and EU size breakdown such as 36/38/40/42/44/46.

-By Safusen Safety Production Team

Testing Procedures

As a testament to their safety assurance, steel toe caps are put through rigorous testing as per the EN 12568 standard. These tests ensure that the toe caps are capable of withstanding extreme impacts and pressures, thereby guaranteeing the wearer’s safety.

Impact Resistance Test

EN12568 Impact Resistance Of Metallic Toecaps testing

The impact resistance test is conducted to determine the ability of the toe cap to protect the foot against sudden, heavy impacts. During this test, a heavy mass is dropped onto the toe cap from a certain height, simulating a falling object. The steel toe cap must prevent any contact between the blow and the foot, thereby confirming its ability to withstand severe impacts without deformation.

Compression Resistance Test

EN12568 Compression Resistance Of Metallic Toecaps Testing

The compression resistance test assesses the toe cap’s strength against continuous pressure or crushing forces. In this test, a steady load is applied onto the toe cap to replicate a heavy object standing on it. Even under such high pressure, the steel cap must maintain its shape, ensuring no harm comes to the wearer’s feet. This test assures the shoe’s capability to protect feet from being crushed or trapped under heavy machinery or objects.

Certification Process

The certification process for the EN 12568 standard serves as a way to ensure manufacturers’ adherence to the safety guidelines outlined in the standard. It comprises a compliance assessment and requires specific documentation to validate adherence.

Compliance Assessment

The Compliance Assessment involves an evaluation of the toe cap’s performance, manufacturing process, and quality assurance system, to ensure consistency in safety and durability. Independent testing bodies conduct a series of tests to check if the toe caps meet the impact and compression resistance requirements. Post-testing, the production and quality control processes are assessed to verify their capacity to consistently produce compliant toe caps.

Documentation Requirements

Alongside the practical evaluation, manufacturers are required to submit specific documents to validate their compliance with the standard. This includes design and technical documentation outlining the manufacturing process, design specifications and quality control procedures. These documents should provide assurance of consistent adherence to the EN 12568 standards, attesting to the manufacturer’s commitment to safety and quality. Documentation review is a critical component of the certification process, demonstrating traceability and accountability.

Market Implications

The EN 12568 standard for steel toe caps brings with it significant implications for the safety footwear market. It influences regulatory norms, and yields an increase in consumer awareness pertaining to workplace safety.

Regulatory Impact

Adherence to the EN 12568 standard becomes a mandatory market condition in many regions, influencing the product offerings in the safety footwear sector. It pushes manufacturers to invest in research and development, leading to innovative design and material use to meet the stringent safety standards. Non-compliant products risk market exclusion, litigation, or recalls, promoting a more reliable and safe marketplace.

Consumer Awareness

The standard also plays a role in boosting consumer awareness regarding the importance of safety at the workplace. Educated by the standard’s guidelines, consumers are more likely to demand high-quality safety footwear. They would look for the EN 12568 certification while purchasing safety footwear, making it a selling point for manufacturers. This increased awareness can lead to a safer working environment and fewer foot-related injuries.

Safety shoes with steel toe caps


Adherence to the EN 12568 standard for steel toe caps holds immense importance in promoting workplace safety. Through rigorous testing procedures and a comprehensive certification process, this standard ensures that safety footwear on the market offers maximum foot protection. The market implications that emerge from this standard introduce tougher regulatory norms and enhanced consumer awareness, ultimately leading to steady improvements in product quality and safety.

In essence, these safety standards not only elevate the safety footwear sector but also significantly reduce foot injuries at workplaces. The consumers, regulators, and manufacturers alike, are increasingly recognizing the value of such standards, reinforcing the essential role they play in our work environments. As such, safety guidelines and standards like the EN 12568 remain a cornerstone for maintaining and improving safety in the workplace.


Q: What are the testing methods for EN 12568 steel toe caps?
A: The main testing methods for EN 12568 steel toe caps include impact resistance test, compression resistance test, and size verification. These tests are conducted in accredited testing laboratories to verify the toe cap’s adherence to the standard.

Q: How do steel toe caps differ from aluminum, composite, fiberglass, and carbon toe caps?
A: Steel toe caps typically offer the highest level of protection but can be heavier than the alternatives. Aluminum toe caps provide similar protection but are lighter, while composite toe caps offer moderate protection and are ideal for metal-free requirements. Fiberglass and carbon toe caps are lightweight and offer variable protection levels, depending on the design and construction.

Q: What is the impact and compression behavior of EN 12568 steel toe caps?
A: EN 12568 steel toe caps must withstand an impact up to 200 Joules and compression loads up to 15kN without cracking or undergoing excessive deformation.

Q: What are the specifications for safety shoes under EN ISO 20345 and how does EN 12568 fit in?
A: EN ISO 20345 defines the safety specifications for protective footwear, which should be equipped with toe cap protection. EN 12568 outlines the technical requirements for these toe caps, acting as a vital reference point for meeting EN ISO 20345.

Q: How does the EN 12568 steel toe cap fare in different impact tests?
A: EN 12568 steel toe caps generally perform well in impact tests, capable of absorbing high energy impacts without failure, which validates their performance in real-life accident scenarios.

Q: What is the resistance requirement of EN 12568 for safety military shoes?
A: For safety military shoes, EN 12568 standard requires the toe caps to resist an impact of 200 Joules, equivalent to a weight of 20kg falling from a height of one meter, without causing any harm to the user’s foot.

Q: How does a steel toe cap and composite toe cap compare concerning the EN 12568 standards?
A: Both steel and composite toe caps need to meet EN 12568 standards for impact and compression resistance. Steel toe caps might offer greater durability, while composite toe caps often provide a more lightweight and metal-free alternative, crucial in certain environments, such as airports or high voltage work settings.

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